Health Service Quality: Comment on “How Outpatient Service Quality in Hospitals Affects Patients’ Loyalty?”

AUTHORS

Shahnaz Kaffashi 1 , * , Ali Keshtkaran 1 , Arefeh Pourtaleb 2 , Zohre Nejatzadegan 3 , Mehdi Raadabadi 4

1 Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Management and Information, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 - Student Research Committee, Health and Management Department, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Health and Management Department, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

How to Cite: Kaffashi S, Keshtkaran A, Pourtaleb A, Nejatzadegan Z, Raadabadi M. Health Service Quality: Comment on “How Outpatient Service Quality in Hospitals Affects Patients’ Loyalty?”, Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2014 ; 6(2):e94037.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 6 (2); e94037
Published Online: April 09, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 19, 2019
Accepted: April 09, 2014

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Abstract

Introduction: Today, service quality and patient loyalty have a critical impact on the performance of health-care organizations. The present study aimed to make a survey on the relationship between outpatient service quality and patients’ loyalty in selected general public hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2012.

Methods and Materials: In this descriptive, analytical and cross sectional study, 256 cases of the outpatients were investigated in four public hospitals in Shiraz. The Standard questionnaires were used as data collection tool. Data were analyzed using SPSS.18 software and descriptive statistics including Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient and pair t-test.

Results: The findings revealed a meaningful difference between the patients’ perception and expectation in all dimensions of SERVQUAL. The patients rated ‘reliability’ to have a high gap (- 2,62) and ‘accessibility’ as the least (-1,34). Among loyalty dimensions they ranked positive word-of-mouth approach as the most important (4,1) and price sensitivity as the least important (1,81). The results of Pearson Correlation Test revealed that overall quality and loyalty dimensions were correlated (p<0.05).

Conclusions: This study showed that quality of outpatient services in hospitals were lower than patients’ expectations and there was a noticeable gap between expectations and perceptions, given the strong correlation between quality of services and loyalty dimensions. In addition, implementation of patient loyalty program would mediate service quality influence on a patient’s loyalty.

Keywords

Loyalty service quality hospital

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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