Assessment of oral – dental health status: using Health Belief Model (HBM) in first grade guidance school students in Hamadan

AUTHORS

Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavei 1 , Malihe Sohrabi Vafa 1 , Babak Moeini 2 , * , Ali Reza Soltanian 3 , Loghman Rezaei 4

1 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran

2 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran

4 School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran

How to Cite: Hazavei S M M, Sohrabi Vafa M, Moeini B, Soltanian A R, Rezaei L. Assessment of oral – dental health status: using Health Belief Model (HBM) in first grade guidance school students in Hamadan, Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2012 ; 4(3):e93992.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 4 (3); e93992
Published Online: September 22, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 18, 2019
Accepted: September 22, 2012

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Abstract

Introduction: The evaluation of plaque and tooth decay represents the oral health status of society. Lack of oral hygiene, can adversely affect the health of students. This study was designed with the aim to determine the oral- dental health status of the first grade guidance students in Hamadan: using Health Belief Model (HBM).

Methods: This was a descriptive- analytical study which was conducted on 268 students of first grade guidance in Hamadan by multi-stage stratified sampling method, which was selected during the school year (2011-2012). Data collection was a questionnaire designed according to health Belief Model (severity, susceptibility, benefits, barriers perceived and selfefficacy); knowledge, dental health behaviors, checklist DMFT and dental plaque.The data were analyzed by SPSS16.

Results: The mean DMFT was 2.25 ±1.74.The plaque dental index (PI) was reported 78.64±9.There was a statistically significant relation between, gender with both index (p=0.00٠).There was not a statistically significant relation between the mean scores of knowledge(p=0.4),health behaviors(p=0.07,)susceptibility(p=0.09),barriers(p=0.900, benefits perceived(p=0.09),and self- efficacy(p=0.18)but there was a statistically significant relation with perceived severity (p=0.003) and cues to action(p=0.01).Also, There was a statistically significant relation between dental health behaviors with perceived susceptibility(p=0.02),perceived barriers (p=0.001), cues to action (p=0.05),and self-efficacy (p=0.005) but it had no statistically significant relation with perceived severity (p=0.83) perceived benefits (p=0.40) and knowledge (p=0.94).

Conclusion: In this study the amount of DMFT and Dental plaque, among three educational regions, in the girl students’ educational regions, was more than the boy students and the other regions. Therefore, appropriate educational interventions based on behavioral theories and models such as HBM are suggested to increase knowledge, performance in the prevention of dental decay and to improve oral health among this group.

Keywords

Oral health Educational Models Dental plaque School students Dental decay

© 2012, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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