A Study on Identification and Improvement of Anemia Using Effective Interventions

AUTHORS

Nader Esmailnasab 1 , Farid Gharibi , , Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi 3 , Alireza Gharib 4

1 Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health (KRCSDH), Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran

3 Department of Medical Education Research Center, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

4 Deputy of Research and Technology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran

How to Cite: Esmailnasab N, Gharibi F, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Gharib A. A Study on Identification and Improvement of Anemia Using Effective Interventions, Jundishapur J Health Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 6(2):299-306.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 6 (2); 299-306
Published Online: April 8, 2014
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Anemia is the most common blood condition among primary school students, presenting lifelong health problems to them. Iran is a country with a young population most of which study in schools. This study aimed to survey students anemia status and its improvement through using effective and efficient interventions in primary students in Paveh City.

In this interventional study, students were randomly selected, and after a primary screening, the suspected ones were recognized and referred to physicians and laboratory tests. After final approval by physicians, short and long-term interventions were carried out to address the problem of anemia. The process was repeated after one year to compare the intervention result. Then data analyzes was carried out using STATA10 software at a significance level of 0.05.

The results of the study revealed that 37.8% of female and 24.1% of male students had problems due to anemia, which comprised 31.1% of the total number of students. The results showed that the intervention was effective for girls in their 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades leading to the reduction of the condition to 61%, 88% and 90%, respectively. This reduction in boys at 4th and 5th grade were 76% and 83% (P<0.05).

The study results showed that the rate of anemia significantly declined among the students and applying interventions were effective.

Keywords

Anemia students intervention

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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