A Comparison of Mental Health in Hearing-impaired Elderly with Hearing Aid and without Hearing Aid

AUTHORS

Pardis Allivand 1 , Mansour Zahiri , , Roya Ghasemzadeh 1 , Seyed Mahmood Latifi 3 , Keyhan Fathi 4

1 Department of Rehabilitation Management, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

4 Department of Educational & Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Allivand P, Zahiri M, Ghasemzadeh R, Latifi S M, Fathi K. A Comparison of Mental Health in Hearing-impaired Elderly with Hearing Aid and without Hearing Aid, Jundishapur J Health Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 6(1):257-263.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 6 (1); 257-263
Published Online: January 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Hearing loss can affect physical, mental and social health of deaf adults and lead cause depression, anxiety, isolation, suspicion and stress. This study was aimed to compare mental health in the hearing-impaired elderly with hearing aid and hearing-impaired elderly without hearing aids referring to Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital.

In this cross- sectional study, the participants included 72 hearing-impaired elderly elderly aged 60 years or older who referred to Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital, 36 of which were with hearing aids and 36 without. Each group consisted of 18 women and 18 men. Data collecting tool included Goldberg General Health Questionnaire28 (GHQ-28). GHQ-28 included general health and four subscales of anxiety, depression, physical symptoms and social dysfunction. The independent t-test was used for analyzing the data.

The mean mental health scores in hearing-impaired elderly without hearing aids and with hearing aid were as 48.13 (57.2%) and 35.66 (42.4%), respectively. Comparing the two groups means through t-test, it was concluded that differences between them is statistically significant (p=0.001). The mental health mean score between men and women in the two groups was significant p?0. 049. In addition, the difference in the mean mental health subscales between the two groups was significant. Thus the hearing-impaired elderly without hearing aids compared to those with hearing aid are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, physical symptoms and social dysfunctions (p?0. 003).

The results suggest that the hearing-impaired elderly with hearing aid compared to those without hearing aid have more mental health score.

Keywords

Hearing aid hearing-impaired elderly mental health

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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