Optimization of operating parameters affecting the removal of chromium from aqueous solution using bio absorption Jujube fruit powder, Jujube fruit charcoal and compression with Granular Activated Carbon (GAC)

AUTHORS

Ensiye Fadaei , , Alireza Pourkhabbaz 1 , Mohammad javad Amiri 2 , Behnam Barikbin 3 , Ahmad Jamshidi 4 , Samaneh Biazar 1

1 Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, IR Iran

2 Department of Environmental Engineering, Tehran University, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Department of Public Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran

4 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Fadaei E, Pourkhabbaz A, Amiri M J, Barikbin B, Jamshidi A, et al. Optimization of operating parameters affecting the removal of chromium from aqueous solution using bio absorption Jujube fruit powder, Jujube fruit charcoal and compression with Granular Activated Carbon (GAC), Jundishapur J Health Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 5(2):89-98.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 5 (2); 89-98
Published Online: June 21, 2013
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Heavy metals in water resource are one of the most important environmental problems of countries. Chromium is considered as one of the important environmental pollutants due to its toxicity considered as water contaminant that may disturb metabolic activity. This research aims to study the potential of Jujube fruit powder for low cost adsorption of Cr (VI) in compression with Granular Activated Carbon (GAC).

In the present study, adsorption of dissolved Chromium (VI) onto Jujube fruit powder Jujube fruit charcoal and standard granular activated carbon (GAC) has been investigated and compared. The effect of contact time, pH value, initial concentration of dissolved Chromium and amount of adsorbent on the adsorption of Cr by the mentioned adsorbents was investigated.

Results showed that the adsorption process was highly dependent on pH. Maximum Cr removal was achieved when the pH of the mixture fell within 2. The amounts of Cr (VI) adsorbed increased with the increase in dose of three adsorbents. Adsorption test results revealed that Cr adsorption on the studied adsorbents could be better described by Longmuir isotherm.

Maximum Cr removal efficiencies were obtained by Jujube fruit powder, Jujube fruit charcoal and GAC 66, 35 and 62 mg/g. Experimental results show low cost biosorbent was effective for the removal of hexavalent Chromium from aqueous solution.

Keywords

Adsorption Chromium Removal (VI) Jujube fruit powder Jujube fruit charcoal Granular Activated Carbon

© 2013, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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