Designing biological filters to eliminate odors in septic tank based on the amount of hydrogen sulfide

AUTHORS

Mansooreh Dehghani 1 , Mohamad Mehdi Taghizadeh 2

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, hiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

2 Islamic Azad University, Estahban Branch, Estahban, IR Iran

Warning: No corresponding author defined!

How to Cite: Dehghani M, Taghizadeh M M. Designing biological filters to eliminate odors in septic tank based on the amount of hydrogen sulfide, Jundishapur J Health Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 5(2):79-87.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 5 (2); 79-87
Published Online: June 21, 2013
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Odor emission is a common environmental problem in septic tank. The feasibility of using trickling filter to eliminate the malodorous gases from the septic tank was studied.

A trickling filter is set up at the outlet of the waste gases of the septic tank, which was attached to the university's cafeteria. In this investigation, the trickling filter system was used, measuring the hydrogen sulfide and ammonia concentration to control the odor and to determine the elimination capacity (EC) of filtration.

The obtained results showed insignificant amount of ammonia, while the concentration of H2S was recorded at 90 ppm. Empty Bed Residence Time (EBRT) in the filter represented a significant relevance with the inlet concentration and the elimination rate of H2S. There is a significant linear relationship between the mass flow rate of H2S and the amount of cooked food as well as temperature. Also a significant relationship between EC and inlet concentration of H2S was observed. The trickling filter in an optimum condition with an EBRT of 200 seconds was able to remove H2S up to 99.9%. An empirical equation is developed to design a trickling filter.

Trickling filter is an affordable and cost-effective method to remove hydrogen sulfide from the septic tank.

Odor emission is a common environmental problem in septic tank. The feasibility of using trickling filter to eliminate the malodorous gases from the septic tank was studied.

A trickling filter is set up at the outlet of the waste gases of the septic tank, which was attached to the university's cafeteria. In this investigation, the trickling filter system was used, measuring the hydrogen sulfide and ammonia concentration to control the odor and to determine the elimination capacity (EC) of filtration.

The obtained results showed insignificant amount of ammonia, while the concentration of H2S was recorded at 90 ppm. Empty Bed Residence Time (EBRT) in the filter represented a significant relevance with the inlet concentration and the elimination rate of H2S. There is a significant linear relationship between the mass flow rate of H2S and the amount of cooked food as well as temperature. Also a significant relationship between EC and inlet concentration of H2S was observed. The trickling filter in an optimum condition with an EBRT of 200 seconds was able to remove H2S up to 99.9%. An empirical equation is developed to design a trickling filter.

Trickling filter is an affordable and cost-effective method to remove hydrogen sulfide from the septic tank.

Keywords

Irritating odors Hydrogen sulfide Tickling filter Ammonia

© 2013, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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