An Epidemiological Study of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Poledokhtar District, Lorestan Province, Southwestern of Iran, 2001-2011

AUTHORS

Kamyar Amraee , , Hassan Ali Rastegar 2 , Elahe Beiranvand 3

2 Department of Health Center, Poledokhtar Health Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, IR Iran

3 Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Amraee K, Rastegar H A, Beiranvand E. An Epidemiological Study of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Poledokhtar District, Lorestan Province, Southwestern of Iran, 2001-2011, Jundishapur J Health Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 5(1):55-62.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 5 (1); 55-62
Published Online: March 20, 2013
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Leishmaniasis is one of the six important tropical diseases, different aspects of which required to be studied, as recommended by World Health Organization. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a prevalent parasitological disease with diverse clinical manifestations in Iran. This study investigated the status of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Poledokhtar district, during 2001-2011.

This descriptive survey was performed on all 310 cutaneous leishmaniasis patients recorded in the Poledokhtar health center during 2001-2011. Demographic information of patients including age, sex, habitat, number and sites of lesion, month and years of incidence were recorded. The data were described by SPSS16 software.

Out of 310 under care patients, 142 cases (45.81%) were males and the rest of patients (54.19%) were females. Totally 41 patients (13.23%) resided in urban areas, while 269 (86.77%) lived in rural areas. The most frequent age group was 20-29 years old (25.16%). Hands were the most common sites of lesions (44.84%). Out of 9.03% of the patients had two or more lesions (56.45%).The most frequent cases of the disease were observed in the fall.

The incidence rate of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the years has been higher than expected rate in Poledokhtar district. This situation has been alarming and comprehensive planning for control and prevention of the disease is necessary.

Keywords

Epidemiology Cutaneous leishmaniasis Poledokhtar Lorestan

© 2013, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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