Survey of PAC Performance for Removal of Turbidity, COD, Coliform Bacteria, Heterotrophic Bacteria from water of Karoon River

AUTHORS

Afshin Takdastan 1 , Azadeh Mirzaiy 2 , Seyed Nadali Alavi 3 , Mohammad Sadegh Sekhavatjoo 4

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of health, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of health, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of health, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

4 Islamic Azad University, Science & research branch of Khuzestan, Ahvaz, IR Iran

Warning: No corresponding author defined!

How to Cite: Takdastan A, Mirzaiy A, Alavi S N, Sekhavatjoo M S. Survey of PAC Performance for Removal of Turbidity, COD, Coliform Bacteria, Heterotrophic Bacteria from water of Karoon River, Jundishapur J Health Sci. Online ahead of Print ; 2(1):26-33.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 2 (1); 26-33
Published Online: March 20, 2010
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Coagulation and Flocculation are essential processes for turbidity removal from natural waters. Many studies have been conducted on different coagulants.

The aim of this study was to inestigate the removal efficiency of turbidity, Coliform bacteria and heterotrophic bacteria from natural water by Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC). The study was conducted in the lab scale in Ahwaz No.2 water treatment plant. To determine the optimum conditions of PAC in the removal of turbidity, Coliform bacteria and heterotrophic bacteria, the experimental set up in coagulant variable doses (3, 5,8,10,15,20,30,40,50 mg/lit), pH variable (5.5, 6, 6.5, 7, 7.5, 8) and turbidity in the range of 33-100 NTU were performed. At the end of any run, residual turbidity and microbial parameters were measured in the treated water. The performance of coagulant for removing of turbidity and microbial population was determined by analysis of Covariance and Duncan.

The results showed that the most optimal conditions of PAC for removal of turbidity and microbial parameters was performed in pH = 8, flash mixing =120 rpm and optimal concentrations of 10 and 30 ppm of PAC.

Removal efficiency of turbidity, total Coliform, fecal Coliform and heterotrophic bacteria in optimum condition of PAC for Concentrotion of 10 ppm was 96.59%, 90%, 82.75% and 84.17%, respectively, while removal efficiency of turbidity, total Coliform, fecal coliform and heterotrophic bacteria in optimum Condition of PAC in the Concentrotion of 30 ppm was 99%, 94.65% , 88.94% and 90.47% respectively.

Keywords

Water treatment Coagulation Poly Aluminum Chloride Turbidity Coliform Ahwaz

© 2010, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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