Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

Occupational Exposure of Train Drivers to Static and Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields in Tehran Subway

Hamed Jalilian 1 , Kamran Najafi 2 , Mohammad Reza Monazzam 3 , * , Yahya Khosravi 4 and Jamshid Jamali 5 , 6
Authors Information
1 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Research Center for Health, Safety and Environment, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran
5 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
6 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
Article information
  • Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: October 2017, 9 (4); e14329
  • Published Online: October 31, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 8, 2017
  • Revised: May 30, 2017
  • Accepted: July 11, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/jjhs.14329

To Cite: Jalilian H, Najafi K, Monazzam M R, Khosravi Y, Jamali J. et al. Occupational Exposure of Train Drivers to Static and Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields in Tehran Subway, Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2017 ;9(4):e14329. doi: 10.5812/jjhs.14329.

Abstract
Copyright © 2017, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnote
References
  • 1. Chadwick P, Lowes F. Magnetic fields on British trains. Ann Occup Hyg. 1998; 42(5): 331-5[PubMed]
  • 2. Magnetic fields encountered in electric transport: Rail systems, trolleybus and cars. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC EUROPE), 2012 International Symposium on. : 1-5
  • 3. Tell RA, Sias G, Smith J, Sahl J, Kavet R. ELF magnetic fields in electric and gasoline-powered vehicles. Bioelectromagnetics. 2013; 34(2): 156-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Halgamuge MN, Abeyrathne CD, Mendis P. Measurement and analysis of electromagnetic fields from trams, trains and hybrid cars. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2010; 141(3): 255-68[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Neutra RR. Glossary of terms used when discussing exposure to electric and magnetic fields. J Epidemiol Commun Health. 2005; 59(7): 546-50[DOI]
  • 6. TLVs and BEIs. Kemper meadow drive. 2012; : 124-6
  • 7. Floderus B, Tornqvist S, Stenlund C. Incidence of selected cancers in Swedish railway workers, 1961-79. Cancer Causes Control. 1994; 5(2): 189-94[PubMed]
  • 8. Alfredsson L, Hammar N, Karlehagen S. Cancer incidence among male railway engine-drivers and conductors in Sweden, 1976-90. Cancer Causes Control. 1996; 7(3): 377-81[PubMed]
  • 9. Pfluger DH, Minder CE. Effects of exposure to 16.7 Hz magnetic fields on urinary 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate excretion of Swiss railway workers. J Pineal Res. 1996; 21(2): 91-100[PubMed]
  • 10. Santangelo L, Di Grazia M, Liotti F, De Maria E, Calabro R, Sannolo N. Magnetic field exposure and arrythmic risk: evaluation in railway drivers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2005; 78(4): 337-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Roosli M, Egger M, Pfluger D, Minder C. Cardiovascular mortality and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields: a cohort study of Swiss railway workers. Environ Health. 2008; 7: 35[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Farag A, Hussain H, Said I, Kader MA, Rahman NA. Electromagnetic Fields associated with transportation systems in Malaysia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Non-Ionizing Radiation at UNITEN (ICNIR 2003). 2003; : 1-15
  • 13. Ptitsyna N. Electric Vehicle Magnetic Fields and Their Biological Relevance. J Sci Res Rep. 2014; 3(13): 1753-70[DOI]
  • 14. Ptitsyna NG, Kopytenko YA, Villoresi G, Pfluger DH, Ismaguilov V, Iucci N, et al. Waveform magnetic field survey in Russian DC and Swiss AC powered trains: a basis for biologically relevant exposure assessment. Bioelectromagnetics. 2003; 24(8): 546-56[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Contessa GM, Falsaperla R, Brugaletta V, Rossi P. Exposure to magnetic fields of railway engine drivers: a case study in Italy. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2010; 142(2-4): 160-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Dietrich FM, Jacobs WL. Survey and assessment of electric and magnetic field (EMF) public exposure in the transportation environment. 1999;
  • 17. Measurement procedures of magnetic field levels generated by electronic and electrical apparatus in the railway environment with respect to human exposure (standard no. EN 50500: 2008). 2008;
  • 18. Nakagava M, Koana T. Electricity and magnetism in biology and medicine. 1993;
  • 19. Non-ionizing Radiation: Static and extremely low-frequency (ELF) electric and magnetic fields. 2002;
  • 20. Roosli M, Lortscher M, Egger M, Pfluger D, Schreier N, Lortscher E, et al. Leukaemia, brain tumours and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields: cohort study of Swiss railway employees. Occup Environ Med. 2007; 64(8): 553-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Savitz DA. Invited commentary: electromagnetic fields and cancer in railway workers. Am J Epidemiol. 2001; 153(9): 836-8[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments